CASE STUDIES (Take-home Assignment)
Study #1: Afghans (in Pakistan, Iran)
Since the fall of the Taliban in 2002, millions of refugees have returned to Afghanistan. Nevertheless, approximately 3 million remain in exile, most of them in Iran and Pakistan. The majority of those remaining abroad have been displaced for more than 20 years, and about half of them were born in exile.
Study #2: Burmese (in Thailand and Bangladesh)
Prolonged conflict in Myanmar (Burma) has caused one of the most protracted refugee situations in Asia. For over a half a century, the Burmese military has waged war against many of the country’s numerous ethnic nationality parties and minority groups who seek greater autonomy. The protracted conflicts in Myanmar have produced huge numbers of internally displaced persons and at least four separate but related protracted refugee situations in neighboring Thailand, Bangladesh, India and Malaysia. Despite recent moves to liberalize Burma’s political system, large numbers of refugees continue to flee the country.
Study #3: Colombians (in Ecuador, Venezuela, Panama and Brazil)
After approximately 50 years of conflict in Colombia, the 1990s saw an escalation in violence and threats to the civilian population. These threats increased to such an extent that greater numbers of Colombians crossed international borders in search of safety and international protection as refugees. As the conflict in Colombia is infamous for the internal displacement it has caused, these refugees are often overlooked. However, there are now an estimated 57,000 Colombian refugees in Ecuador and around 200,000 Colombians eligible for refugee status in Venezuela. Several thousand displaced Colombians in Panama and Brazil remain ‘unidentified’ and their exact numbers are unknown due to porous borders and difficulty in accessing them in the Amazon.